Thursday, June 6, 2013

Basics of JBoss 7

JBoss 7 is the new version of JBoss Server with lot of additional Facilities. In this new version , it allows us the ability to manage multiple JBoss AS instances from a Single Point of Control.

This Article tells about JBoss Servers modes in the new JBoss 7 Version.

JBoss Servers can operate in 2 modes

Stand Alone & Domain

Stand Alone Mode : In "standalone" mode each JBoss Application Server instance is an independent process .This Independent process can be some times added to a Cluster environment. The necessary files needed for running this Stand alone process can be found under the /standalone directory.

There are scripts that allow us to start the JBoss Server. The Stand Alone JBoss server can be started using the “” script available in the /bin location.

Domain Mode
For understanding the Domain mode ,there are few other terms that we need to familiar with

Server Groups : Each Host ( Physical Machine) can contain JBoss servers. These JBoss Servers can be a part of a server group. A Server group is a combination of multiple JBoss Servers which are managed as one. All the Servers in the Server group share the same configuration since they belong to a Server Group. These should all be configured with the same profile and they should have the same deployment content deployed. This can be considered as a Cluster in weblogic.

The Server Groups configurations look some thing like this ,

<server-group name="main-server-group" profile="full">
<jvm name="default">
<heap size="1303m" max-size="1303m"/>
<permgen max-size="256m"/>
<socket-binding-group ref="full-sockets"/>

A server-group configuration includes the following required attributes:

name -- the name of the server group
profile -- the name of the profile the servers in the group should run

In addition to the above , we can have

In addition, the following optional elements are available:
socket-binding information, deployment information,System-properties information and also JVM information

An Example Scenario would be

Domain Controller
The Domain Controller manages the Server groups. The Domain Controller manages these for performing deployments , configuration changes e.t.c. The Domain Controller acts as Central management Control point.

As we said that every server belong to a Server group, Domain Controller ensures that the servers that belong to a Server groups are configured according the management policy.

The primary responsibilities of the domain controller are

Managed the domain's central management policy
Ensure all host controllers are aware of its current contents
Assist the host controllers in ensuring that all running JBoss Enterprise Application Platform instances are configured in accordance with this policy

The Configuration File for Domain Controller is /jboss-eap-6.1/domain/configuration/domain.xml.

The Domain.xml file contians the profiles. These profiles say about things that can be run on the server instance inside that domain.The domain.xml also says about the sub systems (an embedded JBoss Web instance is a subsystem; a JBoss TS transaction manager is a subsystem), Socket Configurations e.t.c.

Host Controller
Host Controller ( One Or more) : A Host Controller running on a host where script is running. The host controller job is to perform tasks on behalf of the Domain Controller. The tasks of the Domain Controller are normally Delegated to the Host Controller. The Host controller on each host connects to the Domain Controller for managing the instances runnings on the Host and also to help the domain controller to manage them.

Note : Multiple host Controller can be run a single Physical host with different ports if you were maintaining different server groups

If we need to make a Host controller act as a Domain Controller , the domin.xml file should be located in /domain/configuration/ of the host controller .

The Host Controller Configuration file is /jboss-eap-6.1/domain/configuration/hosts.xml.Each Host Controller by default reads its configuration file.This contains information about the servers runnings that host,finding and contacting the remote Domain Controller .

The hosts.xml file contains
1.configuration of how the Host Controller is to contact the Domain Controller to register itself and access the domain configuration
2.configuration of items that are specific to the local physical installation

Note : One Host Controller instance is configured to act as the central management point for the entire domain, i.e. to be the Domain Controller.

Here is how the Entire Structure looks,

Happy learning :-)