Friday, August 30, 2013

Very use full Commands ( For Trouble Shooting )

Some of these Commands may be throw an error when I Use '-' ( hyphen ) ,so for commands using hyphen be a little cautious

Biggest 10 Files
du -sh * | sort -n | tail
du -x -a . | sort -n -r | head -n 10

List All the Process By memory usage
ps -e -orss=,args= | sort -b -k1,1n | pr -TW$COLUMNS
ps -eo pcpu,pid,user,args | sort -k 1 -r | head -10
ps -eo pcpu,pid,user,args | sort -r -k1 | less

find how many files an application is using
lsof +c 0 | cut -d' ' -f1 | sort | uniq –c

Highest CPU Usage
ps -eo pcpu,pid,user,args | sort -k 1 -r | head -10 | awk "{ print $2 }"

Total Memory Usage
sar -q 1 | tail -1 | awk '{ print "" $3}' | sed 's/%//g'

CPU Threshold
top -b -n 1 | awk -F'[:,]' '/^Cpu/{sub("\\..*","",$2); print $2}'

Current User With Session Count
who | awk '{ User [$1]++; } END { for (i in User) printf "%-9s %s\n", i, User [i] }'

Memory Details
free -t -m | grep "Total" | awk '{ print "Total Memory space : "$2 " MB";
print "Used Memory Space : "$3" MB";
print "Free Memory : "$4" MB";
}'

Swap memory Details
free -t -m | grep "Swap" | awk '{ print "Total Swap space : "$2 " MB";
print "Used Swap Space : "$3" MB";
print "Free Swap : "$4" MB";
}'

Process Using memory
ps aux | awk '{if ($5 != 0 ) print $2,$5,$6,$11}' | sort -k2n

Largest File Or Directory
du -sk /var/log/* | sort -r -n | head -10

Processes Count Used By Users
ps hax -o user | sort | uniq -c

Who Started this Process
ps -o comm= -p $(ps -o ppid= -p PID)

How Much Ram Is Being Used
ps -o rss -C java | tail -n +2 | (sed 's/^/x+=/'; echo x) | bc

When Was the Process Started
ps -o lstart PID

Environment Variables belong to a Process
ps ewwo command PID | tr ' ' '\n' | grep \=

List Threads by Pid along with Thread Start Time
ps -o pid,lwp,lstart --pid PID -L

CPU usage for EACH cores
ps ax -L -o pid,tid,psr,pcpu,args | sort -nr -k4| head -15 | cut -c 1-90

Memory Percentage Usage of a Process
ps -o comm,%mem,args PID

Total CPU Usage Percentage
ps aux | awk {'sum+=$3;print sum'} | tail -n 1

Find Class Files inSide the Jar Location
find . -iname '*.jar' -printf "unzip -c %p | grep -q 'sample Text' && echo %p\n" | sh

Find the Class File in jars
find . -name "*.jar" | while read line; do unzip -l $line; done | grep

Search The File From Multiple Jar Files
find . -name "*.jar" | xargs -tn1 jar tvf | grep --color "log4j.xml"

List of Files That Are Open For Writing to Disk
lsof | grep -e "[[:digit:]]\+w"

See which Process is Holding the File
lsof -r1 /common/jboss.log

List the files accessed by a program
strace -f -o foo.trace su user -c 'mycommand'?

get size of data that haven't been written to disk yet
The term for that is "dirty" data (data that has been changed, but not yet flushed to permanent storage).
cat /proc/meminfo | grep Dirty
Dirty : 188 kB

Owner of the File
/sbin/fuser admin.lok
admin.lok: 5912
Pmap Output In Kilo Bytes
pmap -x PID | awk '/\[ anon \]/ {total += $3} END {print total}'

determine which application is utilizing a certain port?
lsof -w -n -i tcp:80 ( or any Othe Port)
Start Number of active, and recently torn down TCP sessions
netstat -ant | egrep -i '(ESTABLISHED|WAIT|CLOSING)' | wc -l

Number of sessions waiting for ACK (SYN Flood)
netstat -ant | egrep -i '(SYN)' | wc -l
Find Network Connections
Out Going Going Connections
localhost:root002-~ $ lsof | grep omdx1971
java 1142 dwls977 924u IPv6 141719124 0t0 TCP localMachine :27710->eth0.remoteMachine.nova.com:54426 (ESTABLISHED)

java 1142 dwls977 925u IPv6 141713891 0t0 TCP localMachine :27710->eth0.remoteMachine.nova.com:54141 (ESTABLISHED)

Incoming Connections
Once you got the Out Going Connections , we can get the Port and try it on the local machine to find the connection information

remoteMachine:root002-~ $ netstat | grep 54426
tcp 0 0 localMachine :54426 eth0.remoteMachine.nova.co:27710 ESTABLISHED
All Outgoing Connections
netstat -an | grep -i tcp | grep ESTABLISHED | less
talk to Other over the Network
Dev:vx1379:djbs002-~ $ lsof -p 29118 -a -i ( Process Talk)
show the number of connections active to a port and also the number of connections from that ip in order
netstat -ntu | awk '{print $5}' | cut -d: -f1 | sort | uniq -c | sort -n
List listening TCP sockets
netstat -ant | egrep -i '(LISTEN)'
List Per User Process
ps -e -o uid,vsz | awk '{ usage[$1] += $2 } END { for (uid in usage) { print uid, ":", usage[uid] } }'
Working Directory of a Running process
lsof -bw -d cwd -a -c java
Extract files from war/Ear
jar xf abc.war log4j-test.xml WEB-INF/
All Connections from a Specific process
lsof -p PID -a -i
Scan a port On a Remote Machine
nc -v -w 1 -z
Show The Java Process
top -b -n 1|grep java|wc -l
Smallest To biggest
ls -s | sort -nr | more
Find Files That Exceed a Specified Size Limit
find . -size +400 -print
Grep All Files Of A Certain File Type For A Specific Pattern
find . -type f -name '*.cs' -print0 | xargs -0 grep --color=always -n PATTERN

Zero Length File Sizes
find . -type f -size 0k -exec rm {} \; | awk '{ print $8 }'
Find and Kill a Process
ps ux | grep | grep –v grep | awk ‘{print $2}’ | xargs –r kill -9
Files Opened By a Process
lsof +f | grep PID
Find The Command Line Of the Process Using Specific Port
cat /proc/$(lsof -ti:)/cmdline
All Open Tomcat Threads
ps -ALcf | grep org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap | wc -l

Find The MAC Address
[root@vx111a test]# cat /sys/class/net/eth0/address

List all the Installed Perl packages
perl -MFile::Find=find -MFile::Spec::Functions -Tlwe 'find { wanted => sub { print canonpath $_ if /\.pm\z/ }, no_chdir => 1 }, @INC'
Find Whether a Port is Open On a Remote Machine
nmap -p
Status Of the HTTP
curl -o /dev/null --silent --head --write-out '%{http_code}\n'
200
-o /dev/null throws away the usual output
-silent throws away the progress meter
-head makes a HEAD HTTP request, instead of GET
-write-out '%{http_code}\n' prints the required status code
Find Whether The Process is 32Bit or 64Bit
file -L /proc/PID/exe

The Output would be some thing like this
/proc/6462/exe: ELF 32-bit LSB executable, Intel 80386, version 1 (SYSV), for GNU/Linux 2.2.5, dynamically linked (uses shared libs), not stripped
Convert Of Bytes to Mbs
units --terse "3415014314 bytes" "MB"

SSh and Execute a Command
ssh root@ -q 'echo $MYDIR’
Find out what is listening on a series of ports
/sbin/fuser -n tcp {7000..8000}
View details of network activity between
lsof -i :7000-8000
List all files opened by a particular command
lsof -c java
List Threads By PID along with Thread Start Time
ps -o lwp,lstart --pid PID

Count Threads OF a Process
ps uH -p PID | wc –l

Print a stack trace of a running process
Pstack PID
Return Number of kernel Threads Owned by a process
ps -o thcount –p PID
Show Ports that belong to this PID
netstat --all --program | grep PID

Drop all the Connections available now for a Port
iptables -I INPUT -p tcp -dport 80 -j DROP

Find and Grep a File
find $PWD -type f -exec egrep PAVAN {} \;

Find the Time took Process To Complete
/usr/bin/time -v

Memory Information ( Much Better than Free Command)
vmstat -s -S M
List all the Jars loaded by a Process
lsof -p PID | grep jar

All process Running as a Specific User
pgrep -l -f -x -u root
Find and Remove Files Matching a pattern
find $PWD -type f -name "*Jul-*.ESS-A1.log" -exec rm -f {} \;

Find and Zip files matching a Pattern
find $PWD –type f –name “ess_admin.controllermessages.log.” | xargs tar zcvf one.tar

How to list all unique ip address currently connected to a specific port
ss -o state established '( dport = :10012 )'|awk -F"[\t :]+" 'NR!=1{ ip[$5]+=1 } END{ for (i in ip){n++};print n }'

Find and Gzip
find $PWD –type f –name “*.log” | xargs tar zcvf one.tar

Find and Remove
find –type f –name “*.log” | xargs rm
find –type f –name “*.log” -exec rm -f {} \;

Find Files That are Updated in The Last 60 Minutes
find $PWD -mmin -60

Find all files Older than 2 days and gzip them
find $PWD -type f -mtime +2 | xargs gzip

How many Open Tomcat Threads
ps -ALcf | grep org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap | wc -l

Differences between 2 files in remote hosts
diff <(ssh alice cat /etc/apt/sources.list) <(ssh bob cat /etc/apt/sources.list)

Monitor the active thread count of a process (jvm) on linux
ps uH -p 10343 | wc -l

How do I find out which service is listening on a specific port?
lsof -Pnl +M -i4 ( IP 4 )
lsof -Pnl +M -i6 ( IP 6 )
netstat -npl

Display CPU,Memory Usages of the Users
ps axo user,pcpu,pmem,rss --no-heading | awk '{pCPU[$1]+=$2; pMEM[$1]+=$3; sRSS[$1]+=$4} END {for (user in pCPU) if (pCPU[user]>0 || sRSS[user]>10240) printf "%s:@%.1f%% of total CPU,@%.1f%% of total MEM@(%.2f GiB used)\n", user, pCPU[user], pMEM[user], sRSS[user]/1024/1024}' | column -ts@ | sort -rnk2
Kill a Process on the Port
kill -9 `lsof -t -i :port_number`
How Many Established Connection
lsof | grep -c "(ESTABLISHED)"
How to enlarge existing file to specific size
dd if=/dev/zero bs=1 seek=new_filesize count=0 of=your_file
For example this:
dd if=/dev/zero bs=1G seek=1000 count=0 of=test
will enlarge file test to 1000G
Tail the Last Bytes of Files
tail -c 400 jboss.log > jboss.log11
Deleted Files along with File Descriptor(FD)
lsof | awk '(/deleted/) {print "FD :-",$4,"| File Name:-",$9}'
Check the Files For Changes From the last 1 Hour
awk -vDate=`date -d'now-1 hours' +[%d/%b/%Y:%H:%M:%S` ' { if ($4 > Date) print Date FS $4}'
Threads in a Process
ps -eLo pid,ppid,tid,pcpu,comm | grep PID
Grep Multiple Words
grep -w 'warning\|error\|critical' /var/log/messages
Find Out What Partition a File Belongs To
We can use the df command to find out what partition a file belongs,

[root@vx111a perl]# df -T file1
Filesystem Type 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on
/dev/sda7 ext3 49594196 5499736 41534504 12% /soa
Find Out Port
/sbin/fuser 10011/tcp
10011/tcp: 32506

lsof -i tcp:10012
COMMAND PID USER FD TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME
java 32506 jbs002 67u IPv6 20552857 0t0 TCP *:10012 (LISTEN)
Thread Ids of a process in Linux using Proc
cat /proc/PID/task

How To Find The Number Of Open Files for a Process Name and process pid sorted by number of open files.?
lsof | perl -lane '$x{"$F[0]:$F[1]"}++;END { print "$x{$_}\t$_" for sort {$x{$a}<=>$x{$b}} keys %x}'
To show connections to a specific host
lsof -i@192.168.1.5

Show connections based on the host and the port using @host:port 

Grep All Files Of A Certain File Type For A Specific Pattern
find . -type f -name '*.*' -print0 | xargs -0 grep --color=always -n GCMonitor

Top 20 Process With High File Descriptors
for x in `ps -eF| awk '{ print $2 }'`;do echo `ls /proc/$x/fd 2> /dev/null | wc -l` $x `cat /proc/$x/cmdline 2> /dev/null`;done | sort -n -r | head -n 20

Ping a URL to Find the HTTP Status
Dev:Hunter@root-~ $ printf "GET / HTTP/1.0\r\nvx111a: www\r\n\r\n" | nc vx111a 10011 | head
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: Apache-Coyote/1.1
Set-Cookie: JSESSIONID=291DBACCB3596F4FBC38ABFBDE99AA7C.jasB2; Path=/
ETag: W/"7857-1235874240000"
Last-Modified: Sun, 01 Mar 2009 02:24:00 GMT
Content-Type: text/html
Content-Length: 7857
Date: Thu, 10 Oct 2013 02:33:39 GMT
Connection: close

Dev:Hunter@root-~ $ nc -zw2 vx111a 10011 || echo http service is down
Connection to vx111a 10011 port [tcp/*] succeeded!

Dev:Hunter@root-~ $ curl -sL -w "%{http_code}\\n" "http://vx111a:10011/wls_monitor/" -o /dev/null
200

Redirect and Print
Dev:vx111a:jbs002-~ $ jmap -heap 922 2>/dev/null | grep MaxPermSize | awk '{print $3}'
268435456

The 2>/dev/null at the end of the find command tells your shell to redirect the error messages (FD #2) to /dev/null, so you don't have to see them on screen. Use /dev/null to to send any unwanted output from program/command. All data written on a /dev/null special file is discarded by the system. To redirect standard error to /dev/null and store file list to output.txt, type:

Find Who is Using Port
Dev:vx111a:djbs002-~ $ /sbin/fuser 10011/tcp
10011/tcp: 32506

Dev:vx111a:djbs002-~ $ lsof -i tcp:10012
COMMAND PID USER FD TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME
java 32506 djbs002 67u IPv6 20552857 0t0 TCP *:10012 (LISTEN)

Search For Out Of memory
find . -type f -exec grep -l java.lang.OutOfMemoryError {} \;
./MANDY-B1_gc.log
./heap.log
./MANDY -B1.log.yyyyMMdd_HHmmss

Conenct to the Linux Machine From windows Machine to Download Files
pscp -i C:\Ateam_uberkey.ppk jbs002@vx111a:/tmp/top.log C:\Users\Jag\Desktop\temp\top.log

Note : pscp is available with putty Software which is free to download


Obtain the Number of Thread States in a Thread Dump
dev:vx1abc:he002:nc-Dumps $ awk '/State: / { print }' < td.log.073716.013908855 | sort | uniq -c
   10    java.lang.Thread.State: RUNNABLE
    8    java.lang.Thread.State: TIMED_WAITING (on object monitor)
    2    java.lang.Thread.State: TIMED_WAITING (sleeping)
    2    java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (on object monitor)
   24    java.lang.Thread.State: WAITING (parking)

Obtain the Count of Threads based on Thread State
dev:vx1cea:djhe002:nc-stackDetils $ awk '/State: TIMED_WAITING/ { getline; print }' < td.2013-10-17-03.log | sort | uniq -c
   50         at java.lang.Object.wait(Native Method)
   15         at java.lang.Thread.sleep(Native Method)
    5         at sun.misc.Unsafe.park(Native Method)

Grep Multiple Strings 
grep 'RUNNABLE\|ListenPort\|port\|clusters\|broadcastchannel\|multicastaddress\|multicastport\|server_cluster'  td.log.073652.957462762

Number of Connection Hits in between
Dev:vx1322:jbs002-JAS-A2 $ egrep "2013-08-09 16:47:12|2013-08-09 16:50:00" jboss.log  | wc -l
3

How many Requests Happened Per Minutes
egrep "17/Aug/2013:01|17/Aug/2013:02" PHYRES-H1_access.log | cut -d[ -f2 | cut -d] -f1 | awk -F: '{print $2":"$3}' | sort -nk1 -nk2 | uniq -c | sed 's/[ ]*//'

Query packages
dev:vx1abc:he002:nc-~ $ rpm -q --queryformat '\n%{NAME} %{VERSION} %{RELEASE} %{ARCH}\n' glibc
glibc 2.12 1.80.el6_3.6 x86_64
glibc 2.12 1.80.el6_3.6 i686

Processor and Memory Usage Per User
ps axo user,pcpu,pmem,rss --no-heading | awk '{pCPU[$1]+=$2; pMEM[$1]+=$3; sRSS[$1]+=$4} END {for (user in pCPU) if (pCPU[user]>0 || sRSS[user]>10240) printf "%s:@%.1f%% of total CPU,@%.1f%% of total MEM@(%.2f GiB used)\n", user, pCPU[user], pMEM[user], sRSS[user]/1024/1024}' | column -ts@ | sort -rnk2